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Pomeranian: All You Need to Know

brown pomeranian puppy on white leather tote bag

Owning a Pomeranian is like owning a miniature fox with a long outer coat, erect hairs, and thick undercoat, making them look like a ball of fluff. They might have a tiny bodies but hold a big-dog demeanor. Poms are cute, clever, active, and adaptable whether it’s hanging out at home or performing as an athlete, they can do it all. 

They might be toy breed, but their needs aren’t tiny. Therefore it is essential to know and understand them before buying one. We’ve listed everything you need to know before becoming a proud Pomeranian parent in this accessible and comprehensive guide.

Breed at Glance

Lifespan12-16 years
HeightMale- 7-12 inches
Female- 7-12 inches
WeightMale- 2.8-5.2 kg
Female- 2.1-3.3 kg
TemperamentBold, alert, lively, affectionate
Coat ColorsWhite, black, brown, blue, red, orange, beaver, cream, white, merle, sable
Litter Size2 to 5 puppies
Puppy PriceAverage- INR 25,000-40,000
Yearly Maintenance CostINR 65,000

Who Is the Best Human for Pomeranian?

  • Their owners need to start early socialization to handle the Pomeranian’s watchdog syndrome, which can lead to troublesome situations. 
  • Pomeranians’ small size is adorable but also puts them at risk of fragility. Owners will need to be extra careful while taking care of this dog. 
  • Pomeranians can face joint problems, eye and ear problems, and other diseases. Owners must schedule regular vet checkups and follow a strict diet and exercise to keep them fit and healthy.
  • Housebreaking Pomeranians can be challenging; owners must start training as early as possible, using positive reinforcement and patience as key measures. 
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Breed Characteristics

                   Adaptability                     3 Out of 5
Apartments & Small Homes Friendly                      4/5
Good for first-time Pet Parents                      4/5
Can leave alone                    1/5
Suitable for Indian Weather                      2/5
                  Friendliness                     3 Out of 5
Good with Kids                    2/5
Good with Cats                    5/5
Good with Other Dogs                    2/5
Good with Strangers                    3/5
              Grooming Needs                    3 Out of 5
Easy to Groom                      2/5
Drooling Potential                      1/5
Amount of Shedding                      4/5
      Health and Physical Needs                      3 Out of 5
General Health                      3/5
Potential to Weight Gain                      4/5
Energy Level                      3/5
Exercise Needs                      2/5
              Training Needs                      3 Out of 5
Easy to Train                      4/5
Intelligence                      4/5
Prey Drive                      2/5
Barking Tendencies                      5/5
Biting Tendencies                    2/5

Types of Pomeranian

Brown Pomeranian on sofa
  • Fox-Face Pomeranian
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According to their breed standards, they are what the purebred Pomeranians should look like. They are bred to have longer snouts and fox ears. 

  • Teddy-Bear Pomeranian

They have smooth variations instead of pointer parts in a traditional Pomeranian to give them a stuffed animal look. They are adorable but do not pass the breed standards. 

  • Baby-Doll Pomeranian

Due to the increasing demands, they are hard to find; they have cherub-like, round faces, and expressive eyes. They also don’t pass the breed standards. 

Facts About Pomeranian

Fact- They are closely related to sled dogs and wolves

They are a spitz breed meaning they have wolf-like characteristics. They are also part of the German spitz group, a spitz dog subgroup.

Fact- They were Queen Victoria’s favorites 

Queen Victoria became the breeder and exhibitor of Pomeranians. She is also credited with reducing the dog’s size to its current miniature version through selective breeding.

Fact- They are named after Pomerania 

Pomerania is found on the south shore of the Baltic Sea, from which Pomeranians take their name mainly because they were developed there. However, their ancestors are from Iceland.

Fact- Two Pomeranians survived the sinking of the Titanic 

There were at least 12 dogs on the titanic, of which only three survived, and two were Pomeranians. No wonder they are ranked 19th by AKC on the popular dog breeds list. 


brown and white pomeranian puppy on green grass field during daytime

Pomeranians are popular dogs whose history can be traced back to 400 BC. Their ancestors, Spitz, are much larger than the Pomeranians we see today, but they both are closely related to wolves. 

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They were developed in the province of Pomerania from the ancient spitz breed. Their defining characteristics are their thick furry coats, prick ears, and wedge-shaped heads. Their weight and size have been selectively decreased compared to the early Pomeranians, that weighed as much as 13 kgs. 

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